The transformation and final abandonment of my religious convictions led at no time to a nihilistic attitude toward moral questions. My moral valuations afterwards were essentially the same as before. It is not easy to characterize these valuations in a few words, since they are not based on explicitly formulated principles, but constitute rather an implicit lasting attitude. The following should therefore be understood as merely a rough and brief indication of certain basic features. The main task of an individual seems to me the development of his personality and the creation of fruitful and healthy relationships among human beings. This aim implies the task of cooperation in the development of society and ultimately the whole of mankind towards a community in which every individual has the possibility of leading a satisfying life and participating in cultural goods. The fact that everybody knows that he will eventually die need not make his life meaningless or aimless. He himself gives meaning to his life if he sets tasks for himself, struggles to fulfill them to the best of his ability, and regards all the specific tasks of all individuals as parts of the great task of humanity, whose aim goes far beyond the limited span of each individual life
Rudolf Carnap’s “Intellectual Autobiography, 1963, p. 6 - 8.